Mother’s diet affects offspring alcohol and nicotine use: A Rockefeller University Study


Researchers at The Rockefeller University have found in a study with rats that a mother's consumption of a fat-rich diet during pregnancy increases her offspring's risk of a combined alcohol and nicotine abuse in adolescence. The study performed by Olga Karatayev in the Neurobiology Laboratory of Dr. Sarah Leibowitz at Rockefeller provides insight into early life factors that contribute to substance abuse. The results are to be presented this week at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the … [Read more...]

Poor sanitation practices in pregnant women linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes in India: A Study


Poor sanitation practices, such as open defecation, in pregnant women are linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes in two rural areas of Odisha state, India, according to a study published by Bijaya K Padhi from the Asian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar, and colleagues in this week's PLOS Medicine. The researchers enrolled 670 women during the first trimester of their pregnancy, recorded information about toilet access and sanitation practices for each woman at enrollment, and followed … [Read more...]

Pregnant teens linked to low iron: A Cornell University Study


In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged in pica – the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances. Pregnant teens, regardless of pica, are at higher risk for low hemoglobin, which can lead to iron deficiency and anemia. Low iron in pregnant t … [Read more...]

Antidepressants linked with birth defects: A Study


Some antidepressants known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) taken during early pregnancy may indeed be associated with an increased risk of birth defects, finds a study published in The BMJ this week. The authors stress that if these associations are causal, the absolute risks for these birth defects are still low, and they call for further studies "to enable women and their healthcare providers to make more informed decisions about treatment." The association between use … [Read more...]

Solar events unlikely to trigger birth defects on Earth: University of Kansas Study


Studies find airplane crews at high altitude are exposed to potentially harmful levels of radiation from cosmic rays. "Neutrons which don't reach the ground do reach airline altitude," said Adrian Melott, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Kansas. "Flight crews get a lot more radiation dose from neutrons. In fact, during solar particle events, airplanes are diverted away from the North Pole, where a lot more cosmic rays come down." But could these cosmic rays pose hazards … [Read more...]

Breastfeeding help shape immune system early in life: A Study


Henry Ford Hospital researchers say that breastfeeding and other factors influence a baby's immune system development and susceptibility to allergies and asthma by what's in their gut. The striking findings from a series of studies further advance the so-called hygiene hypothesis theory that early childhood exposure to microorganisms affects the immune system's development and onset of allergies, says Christine Cole Johnson, Ph.D., MPH, chair of Henry Ford's Department of Public Health … [Read more...]

Why the bloating during menopause? Blame the hormones or the lack of them


Water retention -- a cause of bloating -- is associated with changes in sex hormone levels. Many women experience water retention during menopause, but how sex hormones affect water balance is not understood. A new study in in the American Journal of Physiology -- Renal Physiology sheds light on the connection, finding that sex hormones can directly control how the body reabsorbs water. Water level in the body is maintained by the kidneys, which controls the amount of water reabsorbed from … [Read more...]

Mom’s weight during first pregnancy may impact second child


A woman's weight during her first pregnancy can affect how her second baby fares, Saint Louis University research finds. Physicians have long recognized complications can occur when a mother is not at a healthy weight when she first becomes pregnant. Saint Louis University's research, published electronically in the June 20 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, shows that those complications can surface during a second pregnancy even if they didn't occur during a first … [Read more...]

Pregnant women with asthma should not take antibiotics: A Study


Getting sick when you're pregnant is especially difficult, but women whose children are at risk for developing asthma should avoid antibiotics, according to a new study. The study, published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, the scientific publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), followed 298 mother-child pairs through the child's third year of life. The study found that 22 percent of the 103 children born to mothers who took antibiotics … [Read more...]

Too much folic acid while pregnant may put daughters at risk of diabetes and obesity: A Portuguese Study


Mothers that take excessive amounts of folic acid during pregnancy may predispose their daughters to diabetes and obesity later in life, according to a new study published today in the Journal of Endocrinology. With high dose supplements being widely available, the study calls for a need to establish a safe upper limit of folic acid intake for pregnant women. A Portuguese research team from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto and the Catholic University of Portugal gave rats 20 … [Read more...]